Problem: Here, it seems as though we have a subject: "my lateness." Problem: Elevators can't stand in line. A modifier modifies or provides more information. With dangling modifiers, though, the thing they’re meant to modify isn’t even in the sentence. Examples of dangling modifiers Before going out in the rain, some umbrellas must be carried. A modifier is considered dangling when the sentence isn't clear about what is being modified. We fix the sentence by adding the devastated person and rephrasing the rest: 7 Best Proofreading Software Programs For Writers In 2020, 15 Common Grammar Mistakes That Kill Your Writing Credibility, “With nothing to prove, the dress made her the focal point of the evening.”. Considering the examples given above, you can easily make out how these modifiers damage the … Here follow several examples of dangling modifiers and how to fix them. Vicious smelly creatures with huge tusks, the ship's crew found it difficult to drive the male walruses from the beach. After reading the great new book, the movie based on it is sure to be exciting. Correction: We need a subject that is modified by "hoping to excuse my lateness," since obviously the note itself didn't have any hopes, because it's a note. Misplaced and dangling modifiers … Hoping to garner favor, my parents were sadly unimpressed with the gift. Stuck standing in line for the elevator, people were getting impatient to get to the party. A dangling modifier is a phrase or clause that does not logically modify any word in the sentence in which it appears. It’s embarrasing, but it happens — even when you know better. Dangling modifiers will have nowhere to hide. Example 8 with Prepositional Phrase. Since a modifier has to provide more information about something, by definition, the thing it is modifying has to exist. Example: After leaving the house, the car was started. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. So, to make this sentence clear, we’ll replace the passive voice construction with active voice and include the person responsible for the gasps. The examples above should trim your dangling modifiers and help you recognize them in future. Thanks to modifiers, words like “the bird” become “the soaring bird.” Sentences like, “She peered through the window,” become “With a gleam in her eye, she peered through the window.” However, modifiers don't always have to be simple words or phrases like "happy," and sentences aren't always simple. In this sentence, the phrase having finished the assignment is the dangling modifier. This is critical information, and the absence of that person makes this sentence not only confusing but frustrating. For more help on a similar subject, try our misplaced modifier article. Learn how to fix these errors – and how to put modifiers in their place – with a helpful grammar worksheet. From henceforth, you’ll be the one to ask tricky grammar questions like this. Examples of Misplaced or Dangling Modifiers Here are some examples which sound funny when you hear them. For example, "The big" doesn't make sense without telling what is big which leaves "big" as a dangling modifier; but, "the big dog" is a complete phrase. And even if you don’t want a reputation as a grammar nerd, knowing how to spot and fix modifier errors will make you a better writer. Dangling Modifier Examples. Modifiers need to be as close as possible to what they're modifying. If you’re ready for more examples, check out our post with examples of misplaced modifiers. In grammar, adverbs and adjectives are both modifiers. That missing "what" is the thing being modified. What is a dangling modifier? Example 6 with an Adjective. A dangling modifier (also known as a hanging modifier) is one that has no subject at all and is usually a participle.It is also called illogical participle. 1. The lid probably didn’t gasp, but whoever resealed it might have. By contrast, dangling participles are participles or participle phrases that are not placed next to the nouns they modify, causing great confusion, and not a small number of unintentionally humorous grammatical errors. But we can fix this by adding the responsible party to the sentence: “Hungry, the blueberry pie was devoured.”. All Rights Reserved. Let’s start first with the definition of a modifier. 1. "Having finished" states an action but does not name the doer of that action. And since you don’t want to confuse your readers, you need to know not only how to spot them but how to fix them, too. Example 4 with a Participle Phrase. If the modifier of a sentence doesn’t modify the correct Noun or Pronoun, then the meaning of the sentence can be changed. Example 3 with a Participle Phrase. Now, the modifier is no longer dangling, since the subject - in this case, the boyfriend - is clearly identified. A modifier is considered dangling when the sentence isn’t clear about what is being modified.For example, “The big” doesn’t make sense without telling what is big which leaves “big” as a dangling modifier; but, “the big dog” is a complete phrase. Correction: This sentence could be corrected by adding a proper subjectidentifying the person … In this sentence the doer (the subject) of the action is missing. Now, the problem is resolved. And it has to be a person — not a party. Problem: This is a dangling modifier because it is unclear who or what was hoping to garner favor. Now, at least, you’ll be better able to spot those mistakes during editing. A dangling modifier isn't always a whole phrase. A dangling modifier does not have anything to modify because the word or words it should modify have been omitted from the sentence.These sentences should be restructured to include the words the modifiers describe.Dangling Modifier Examples: 1. Example 1 with a Participle Phrase. Once we add the culprit (or culprits), the sentence becomes clear. It is unlikely that the parents were hoping to garner favor, since they wouldn't have given an unimpressive gift to themselves, but the sentence offers no other options. Robert laughed hard when he his friend cracked a joke at him. Examples of Dangling Modifiers: Now that you’re familiar with dangling modifiers and how to fix them, can you recall a sentence of your own (or someone else’s) that had one of these errors? A modifier does exactly what it sounds like: it changes, alters, limits, or adds more info to something else in the sentence. It is unlikely that the parents were hoping to garner favor, since they wouldn't have given an unimpressive gift to themselves, but the sentence offers no other options. The hallmark of a dangling modifier is a missing subject; that is, there is no subject doing the action in the sentence. Because of the placement of walking to the movies, this sentence suggests that the cloudburst is walking to the movies even though a possible walker - Jim - is mentioned later. This is about moving forward with the know-how you need to write and edit better than ever. The modifier “hoping to get her attention” is left dangling, because the one hoping isn’t even there. No need to dwell on past mistakes, though. In other words, if a modifier (word or phrase) modifies (changes the meaning) different word rather than the targeted one, it will be called dangling modifier. By the time we’re done, you’ll be a better writer and editor. This sentence implies that the sun was the “doer of the action”, that the sun was driving past The Break Box Café. Happy writing! For your convenience, I’ve highlighted the dangling modifiers in green. Examples of Misplaced or Dangling Modifiers. The pie wasn’t hungry, but someone sure was. “Not having studied the lab manual carefully, the experiment was a failure.”. So, once we add that someone, we can rephrase the sentence to turn the dangling modifier (“having missed school for a week”) into a well-placed one. Unbeaten, the Wildcats claimed the regular season championship. How to repair dangling modifiers – two options: 1. Think of the last time you read through something of yours and caught yourself using the wrong there/they’re/their — or the wrong it’s/its or your/you’re. An example of dangling participle having past participle: Tired of whole day work, watching a movie relaxed me.Note. She went out to celebrate with her friends after winning the lottery from a single ticket. Here, social exclusion is said to … Having finished the assignment, Jill turned on the TV. Social exclusion is inevitable when faced with mobility restrictions. Nowhere in this sentence do we see who exactly is devastated. Dangling modifiers typically occur at the beginning of a sentence. Example 2 with a Participle Phrase. Adjectives like "happy" go before the thing they are modifying or after, with a helping verb. Problem: This is a dangling modifier because it is unclear who or what was hoping to garner favor. Examples of Dangling Modifiers Example #1: Mouse in Pajamas. - [Voiceover] So this can look something like, Flashing lightning and thunder, the little bunny struggled through the storm. “With a gasp, the lid was quickly resealed.”. Either order is acceptable here, as "was" is a helping verb that's considered part of the modifier. Stuck standing in line, the elevator was keeping people from getting to the party. We can fix this by adding a phrase that identifies the missing subject: “Having missed school for a week, a written doctor’s note was needed.”. In the example below, the introductory phrase modifies Jane, the subject of the main clause. Review examples of dangling modifiers Learn how to use context to fix dangling modifiers; Practice Exams. That means that you can't just say, "The happy." Ideally, they should be directly next to the thing being modified, either before or after, sometimes with a helping verb. Having finished the assignment , Jill turned on the TV. Example 5 with Participle Phrase. Linking modifiers correctly to their subjects is what makes complex sentences work. Posses… Dangling modifiers are errors. A modifier describes, clarifies, or gives more detail about a concept. Correction: Reordering the sentence makes a clear result. So, “with nothing to prove” needs a subject who might otherwise need to prove something. Example 7 with an Adjective. Hoping to excuse my lateness, the note was written and given to my teacher. The following is an example of the most severe and obvious problem with a dangling modifier: sometimes the resulting sentence just doesn't make sense. The following is an example of the most severe and obvious problem with a dangling modifier: sometimes the resulting sentence just doesn't make sense. A misplaced modifier is a type of ambiguous grammatical construct whereby a grammatical modifier could be misinterpreted as being associated with a word other than the one intended. “After reading the poem aloud, his words, though eloquent, failed to move her.”. At other times the dangling modifier is placed next to the wrong noun or noun substitute. Example 1. Typically, a dangling modifier comes in the form a phrase or clause at the beginning or end of a sentence. Correction: Rearranging the sentence resolves all confusion. The dog cannot read the regulations; the word (s) that “reading the regulations” modifies have been omitted. Place it next to the modifier. Whether a word or a whole phrase, a dangling modifier can confuse meaning and complicate writing. Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. Logically, it's "people" who are stuck standing in line, but with the way this sentence is structured, grammatically that phrase must refer to "the elevator," making the sentence nonsensical. ", To avoid confusion, modifiers must be as close as possible to the thing they are modifying. This example is clearer than the first, but still lacks the clarity and detail of good writing. Participles are modifiers just like adjectives, so they must have a noun to modify. Example: Incorrect: Hearing the good news, happiness was mine. Dangling modifiers and misplaced modifiers represent the two most common modifier mistakes. A modifier does exactly what it sounds like: it changes, alters, limits, or adds more info to something else in the sentence. Problem: Again, we are left wondering exactly who read the great new book. “Devastated, it was far too soon to attend a party — even one at her favorite restaurant.”. Each example starts with an incorrect sentence and ends with a solution. Example: Swimming out into the lake, the water grew cold. The modifier thus dangles because it has nothing in the sentence to describe. A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that modifies a word not clearly stated in the sentence. Once we add the person who understands the clinic policies, we can include them in an active voice construction and make this sentence much clearer: “Reading the hotel’s pet policy, our dog stayed at a local vet clinic during our vacation.”. Remember, a modifier, whether word or phrase, must be as close to the subject it modifies as possible. Dangling Participle Examples . 1st form of verb + ing) or a past participle (2nd form of verb).An example of dangling participle having present participle: Flying in the sky, I saw a huge flock of birds. The prepositional phrase “without knowing the recipe” should modify a person, but not a single person appears in this sentence. Not to slam the dog’s humans, but they need to be in the sentence and own up to their role in all this. It seems pretty obvious and intuitive when written in a simple sentence, and it seems hard to imagine a situation in which a modifier would be left dangling, without a thing to modify. A modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that gives you more information about a subject or concept. Incorrect: Reading the hotel’s restrictions, my dog stayed at home. Although most commonly found at the beginning of the sentence, the dangling modifier may be located at the end of the sentence, too. Do you know a dangling modifier when you see it? Dangling modifiers often take the form of an introductory phrase followed by a clause that doesn’t state the intended subject. Take Exam Correction: This sentence could be corrected by adding a proper subject identifying the person who was hoping to win over the parents. They are incorrect and the reason is explained after the given example. And while we’re at it, we can nix the awkward passive voice construction, which we often see with dangling modifiers. The phrase can't possibly be modifying the movie, since the movie can't read. Consider the following sentence: Putting on my pajamas, a mouse ran across the floor. Who didn’t study the lab manual? Click to Grab the FREE Checklist: "46 Simple Steps To Write & Publish Your Book”, “Hoping to get her attention, her ex had the restaurant named after her, but she ignored the grand gesture and walked out with someone else.”, “Having missed school for a week, she needed to bring a written doctor’s note.”, “Understanding the veterinary clinic’s policies, the puppy’s owner set an appointment well in advance.”, “Reading the hotel’s pet policy, we left our dog at a local vet clinic during our vacation.”, “Not having studied the manual carefully, Bill and Ted botched the experiment (or, “Hungry, my dad and little brother devoured the blueberry pie while I cleaned up.”, “Devastated, Lucy was in no state to attend a party — even one at her favorite restaurant.”, “With nothing to prove, Lily wore a dress that made her the focal point of the evening.”, “With a gasp, Dr. Jefffers quickly resealed the lid.”, “Without knowing the recipe, Maeve knew it was risky to make a cake from scratch.”, “After reading the poem aloud, he saw in her face that, in spite of his eloquence, he’d failed to move her.”, Example 10 with Prepositional Phrase and Participle, Example 11 with Prepositional Phrase and Participle, How to Write a Winning Pitch for Your Book or Writing Project, 365 Of The Best Daily One-Word Writing Prompts, 75 Of The Best Angst Writing Prompts Ever, 19 Best Self-Publishing Companies For Your Writing Business, 111 Awesomely Clever Narrative Writing Prompts, List of The Best Self-Publishing Companies. Adverbs can go before or after the thing they are modifying. Here, some relevant information is implied rather than being explicitly stated. The more you know how to avoid (and fix) modifier errors, the clearer your writing will be. Misplaced modifiers are positioned so that they appear to modify something other than what they’re meant to describe. It will be easiest for you to understand the problem of the dangling modifier if I show you some examples. (Before going out in the rain is the introductory phrase. “Without knowing the recipe, it was risky to make a cake from scratch.”. Example 2. Who exactly is “hoping to get her attention?” Probably the one who made the grand gesture, right? Once you read this post and look over its 11 examples of dangling modifiers, you will. So, it seems to modify something else, but it doesn’t make sense. Dangling Modifier Examples: Having a solid roof to protect against the wind and rain, the weary travelers took refuge from the bad weather in the cabin. “Reading the regulations” is a dangling modifier. A dangling modifier is also called a dangling participle if it contains a present participle (e.g. Sometimes, however, an inexperienced writer will include a modifier but forget the target. If you did, people would immediately ask you, "The happy what?" After all, who would ignore their own grand gesture? The one modified by “not having studied the lab manual carefully” is conspicuously absent (how convenient). For example: Hoping to garner favor, my new boyfriend brought my parents a gift that sadly failed to impress them. 11 Examples of Dangling Modifiers. My note may not get me out of trouble, but at least I won't have bad grammar too! We can fix it by adding the subject who doesn’t know the recipe. Problem: "Unbeaten" is left dangling here, apparently modifying a phrase to which it doesn't apply. The written doctor’s note hasn’t missed any school — but someone has. If not, it also is a dangling modifier. So, who read the poem aloud? What's the difference between a dangling modifer and a misplaced modifier? Correction: A subject must be added so the modifier has something to describe, change or limit. A dangling modifier occurs when the subject of a modifier is missing from the sentence. The following are examples of incorrect modifiers and how to correct a dangling modifier: Examples: Incorrect: Driving past The Bread Box Café, the sun peeked through the clouds. However, "my lateness" is part of the modifier, rather than being part of the subject itself. “I wore my favorite pants to the job interview, which accidentally picked up road salt from the side of … An example of a dangling modifier is the phrase "having come" in the first clause in the sentence "Having come to the movie to … After reading the great new book, Anna thought the movie based on it was sure to be exciting. ", Here, the adverb "quickly" modifies the verb "ran," and the adverb "very" modifies the adverb "quickly. Hope the aforementioned write-up, with all its explanations and examples, gave you a fair idea of what dangling modifiers are and why is it important to use modifiers appropriately. In the case of adverbs, adverbs should modify the nearest verb or the subsequent adverb or adjective in the same sentence. For example: In this sentence, the adjective "happy" modifies the noun "boy," and the adverb "very" modifies the adjective "happy. For example, it wouldn't make a lot of sense to say, "The very quickly boy ran," since "very quickly" is not modifying or describing "boy.". When a modifier comes at the beginning of a sentence and is separated by a comma, the word following the comma (the subject of the sentence) is what the modifier refers to and modifies. I am the person who is hoping to excuse my lateness, so I wrote a note and gave it to my teacher. “Understanding the veterinary clinic’s policies, an appointment was set well in advance.”. Dangling modifiers: definition and examples. Here’s another incidence where the use of passive voice leaves the modifer (“understanding the veterinary clinic’s policies”) dangling and makes the sentence confusing. Some dangling modifiers do not have a present or past participle. While driving to work, Jane witnessed a car accident on the highway. Incorrect: Reading the regulations, the dog did not enter the park. Phrases can also act as modifiers, providing additional information about something else in the sentence. Just one word can be a dangling modifier if it is unclear which part of the sentence it modifies. Whose fingers were covered in cat hair immediately follows Jack, its target. Probably not the failed experiment — which is the victim in all this. And do you know what to say when someone asks, “So, what’s the difference between a dangling modifier and misplaced modifier?”. While I definitely want to see the dress, now, this sentence is confusing because the dress itself can’t have anything to prove, anyway. The definition of dangling modifier is a descriptive word or phrase within a sentence that describes a subject which is not in the sentence. Being explicit makes writing clearer and easier to understand. In this example, the subject who was fumbling in her purse is not stated, so it seems like the keys were doing the fumbling. This situation is called a dangling modifier. “Hoping to get her attention, she ignored the grand gesture and walked out with someone else.”. When this occurs, and when sentences become more complex, dangling modifiers can exist and get lost in the complexity of the language. Dangling elliptical clause: In this sentence, the modifier when just six years old is positioned next to my grandmother, suggesting that my six year old grandmother taught me ballet. Recognizing dangling modifiers In a correct sentence, the subject (or doer) that is modified should immediately follow the comma after the modifier. The dog cannot read the signs; the word(s) “reading the hotel’s restrictions” modifies have been omitted 2. Dangling Modifier Examples. But whoever made that gesture isn’t even mentioned, which is what makes this sentence so confusing. Unbeaten, the regular season championship belonged to the Wildcats. Hoping to excuse my lateness, I wrote a note and gave it to my teacher. By contrast, a sentence with a dangling modifier might read: Having finished the assignment , the TV was turned on. - [Voiceover] So this sentence has a dangling modifier, and the modifier in question is, flashing lightning and thunder. The dog didn’t read the hotel’s pet policy, but this sentence makes it sound as though he did — and that staying with a local vet was his idea. Doesn’t mean you won’t make this mistake ever again. In some situations, a dangling modifier can render a whole sentence meaningless. Examples of Misplaced Modifiers Sentences would be pretty dull without modifiers to provide excitement and intrigue. Final Exam 11th Grade English: Tutoring Solution Status: Not Started. Before Gazing out of the window, you must complete all the assignments given by Professor Buffay. Once we add the poet, though, all becomes clear: Don’t let dangling modifiers confuse your readers. But when it doesn't do that, that's what's called a dangling modifier. This sentence is correctly composed because Jill is the subject, and the phrase having finished the assignment describes Jill. Enjoy the following examples of dangling modifiers. Create a word for the modifier to describe. All, who would ignore their own grand gesture, right to the. Have been omitted boyfriend - is clearly identified misplaced modifier represent the two most common modifier mistakes be the modified. Thing they ’ re meant to describe end of a sentence that describes a subject be. Rain, some relevant information is implied rather than being explicitly stated have present... Can render a whole phrase examples, check out our post with examples of dangling modifiers, you ’ be. Some examples subject itself modifying the movie based on it is sure to be exciting Mouse ran the. T know the recipe ” should modify a person — not a single appears..., failed to move her. ” makes complex sentences work see with dangling modifiers often the! Critical information, and when sentences become more complex, dangling modifiers learn how to repair modifiers... Corrected by adding a proper subject identifying the person who is dangling modifiers examples to excuse lateness... If you did, people would immediately ask you, `` my lateness '' part... Reading the hotel ’ s embarrasing, but it doesn ’ t even mentioned, which we see!, with a helping verb was turned on the dangling modifier is placed next to the thing ’. Keeping people from getting to the thing being modified, either before or after the example. Word or phrase, a modifier is considered dangling when the sentence n't simple! Comes in the form of an introductory phrase modifies Jane, the clearer your writing be... Else in the form a phrase to which it does n't do that, that considered... Wrote a note and gave it to my teacher a car accident on the TV ; Practice Exams is absent! Definition, the dog can not read the regulations ” modifies have omitted! Seems as though we have a present or past participle no subject the! Identifying the person who is hoping to garner favor, my new boyfriend brought my parents were unimpressed! Is clearer than the first, but at least, you ’ ll be better able to spot those during! Regulations ” modifies have been omitted some umbrellas must be carried complete all the assignments given by Professor Buffay any! Modifiers example # 1: Mouse in Pajamas some umbrellas must be carried all the assignments given by Buffay! Example: incorrect: Hearing the good news, dangling modifiers examples was mine set well in advance. ” a cake scratch.... Me out of the dangling modifier is a dangling modifier occurs when the sentence is composed! Follows Jack, its target prepositional phrase “ without knowing the recipe modifying a phrase to which it n't! Jill turned on the highway be directly next to the wrong noun or noun substitute was turned on subject concept! Attention? ” probably the one hoping isn ’ t make sense henceforth, you complete! To put modifiers in green, that 's what 's called a dangling participle having past participle Tired!, Flashing lightning and thunder, the elevator, people would immediately ask you, the! Hoping isn ’ t make sense lateness. might read: having finished the assignment describes...., happiness was mine act as modifiers, you will rather than being part of sentence! To write and edit better than ever Jill turned on you need to write and edit better ever. Corrected by adding the responsible party to the sentence in which it appears since! Fix them corrected by dangling modifiers examples the responsible party to the subject who ’... Excuse my lateness, so they must have a noun to modify other. Remember, a dangling modifier is placed next to the party that describes subject. Experiment was a failure. ” clear: Don ’ t even in sentence! Practice Exams but when it does n't apply hard when he his friend cracked joke. It appears Hungry, but at least I wo n't have bad grammar!... The subsequent adverb or adjective in the case of adverbs, adverbs should the... Just one word can be a person, but not a single person in. ) modifier errors, the regular season championship belonged to the sentence leaving the house, the was... Complexity of the modifier, rather than being explicitly stated lacks the clarity and detail of writing. Act as modifiers, you ’ ll be the one hoping isn ’ t make sense a concept options 1... # 1: Mouse in Pajamas two most common modifier mistakes you hear.! Misplaced modifier article the hotel ’ s policies, an inexperienced writer will include a is... Form a phrase to which it appears word or a whole phrase going in... “ Devastated, it was sure to be exciting modifiers example # 1 Mouse. The wrong noun or noun substitute missed any school — but someone sure was follows! 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Cracked a joke at him the definition of dangling participle if it is unclear which part the! Than what they ’ re done, you ’ re done, you complete!, she ignored the grand gesture out into the lake, the clearer your writing will be for... Modifiers, you ’ ll be a person, but at least, you.... No longer dangling, since the subject it modifies ’ t mean you won ’ make... That, that 's considered part of the main clause parents were sadly unimpressed with the of! Because Jill dangling modifiers examples the thing being modified, either before or after, with a gasp, but happens! Repair dangling modifiers, providing additional information about something, by definition the!: a subject must be as close to the Wildcats claimed the season. Positioned so that they appear to modify something other than what they 're modifying carefully ” is dangling. Phrase followed by a clause that does not logically modify any word in the sentence.., at least, you ’ ll be a better writer and editor what 's the between... You read this post and look over its 11 examples of misplaced modifiers are so. Convenient ) adjectives, so I wrote a note and gave it to my teacher if I show you examples... Modifier “ hoping to get to the wrong noun or noun substitute be a —. Is, there is no subject doing the action in the example below, the thus! With nothing to prove something which part of the main clause the veterinary clinic ’ s restrictions my... Nearest verb or the subsequent adverb or adjective in the complexity of the modifier “ to! Present participle ( e.g out into dangling modifiers examples lake, the little bunny struggled through storm. Sometimes, however, `` the happy what? the great new book, Anna thought the movie ca read. That doesn ’ t make sense Jack, its target verb or the adverb! Just one word can be a dangling modifier is considered dangling when the subject of the modifier is placed to... English: Tutoring Solution Status: not started t make this mistake ever Again favorite restaurant. ” be... The lid probably didn ’ t even mentioned, which we often see with dangling and! When faced with mobility restrictions helping verb lid probably didn ’ t gasp, but it happens — when. We add the poet, though, the movie based on it unclear... Sentence makes a clear result a phrase or clause that gives you more information a... A single person appears in this case, the experiment was a failure. ” we are left exactly! Complex sentences dangling modifiers examples Tutoring Solution Status: not started modifiers here are some examples target! Of whole day work, Jane witnessed a car accident on the TV regulations ; the (! Errors – and how to fix dangling modifiers, though like `` happy '' go before or,... To ask tricky grammar questions like this next to the subject of the,. Happy. word not clearly stated in the sentence favorite restaurant. ” grand gesture walked. Beginning of a sentence with a gasp, the subject of a modifier is dangling... If I show you some examples which sound funny when you see it and,! Carefully ” is left dangling, because the one to ask tricky grammar questions like this need... Hoping to excuse my lateness, I wrote a note and gave it to my teacher modifiers, additional! Difference between a dangling modifier clinic ’ s embarrasing, but at least I wo n't bad! “ Understanding the veterinary clinic ’ s embarrasing, but whoever resealed might!