The Old World species form two clades - supersection Disemma (part of subgenus Decaloba) and subgenus Tetrapathaea. This is a list of species in the botanical genus Passiflora.There are in excess of 550 species mostly occurring in the Neotropics, but with a few species in the Nearctic and some others in Asia and Australasia. Supersection Pterosperma includes 4 species from Central America and southern Mexico. Passion flowers (Passiflora) are annual or perennial vines that belong to the Passifloraceae plant family. Some species of Passiflora have been naturalized beyond their native ranges. Related To: Climbing Plants Flowers Plants Vines Shop This Look. Texas gardeners call this type “May-pop” because the fruits pop loudly when you step on them. See more ideas about passion flower, passiflora, planting flowers. This tetraploid hybrid of Passiflora caerulea 'Constance Elliott' was created by Roland Fischer of Hemer, Germany. The sword-billed hummingbird (Ensifera ensifera) is a notable example: it, with its immensely elongated bill, is the sole pollinator of 37 species of high Andean Passiflora in the supersection Tacsonia. The following hybrids and cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit: During the Victorian era the flower (which in all but a few species lasts only one day) was very popular, and many hybrids were created using the winged-stem passion flower (P. alata), the blue passion flower (P. caerulea) and other tropical species. Passion flowers are vigorous vines, native to the Americas, which give your garden a tropical look. Winter temperatures may cause some of the shiny, dark green foliage to die back, but its roots are hardy to 5o F and it can grow 10-15 feet in a single The P. incarnata features blue flowers, with a more frilly appearance, while red passion flowers include the P. manicata. The flower has been given names related to this symbolism throughout Europe since that time. Looking for a creative way to cover up that ugly wall, fence or bare space between you and your neighbor? Maypop is the common name given to the passion flower species that is native to North America, P. incarnata, specifically the Southeastern US. Since you have planted your passion vine in your garden, you will need to dig it out and place it in a suitable container with adequate drainage. The nectar rich flowers are adored by larger bees and the foliage is a host to a variety of butterflies. Container growing with a trellis is recommended. They are shallow rooted and grow as understory plants in rain forests. … Related Stories. There are several passion fruit varieties grown and traded in the world. There are in excess of 550 species mostly occurring in the Neotropics, but with a few species in the Nearctic and some others in Asia and Australasia. Some are cultivated as ornamentals; others are grown for their edible fruits. For example, the Chilean passion flower (P. pinnatistipula) is a rare vine growing in the Andes from Venezuela to Chile between 2,500 and 3,800 meters altitude, and in Coastal Central Chile, where it occurs in woody Chilean Mediterranean forests. [24][26], The "Passion" in "passion flower" refers to the passion of Jesus in Christian theology. The flower and fruit have only traces of these chemicals, but the leaves and the roots often contain more. The vast majority of Passiflora are found in Mexico, Central and South America, although there are additional representatives in the United States, Southeast Asia, and Oceania. Supersection Cicea includes 19 species, with apetalous flowers. The following lepidoptera larvae are known to feed on Passiflora: The generally high pollinator and parasite specificity in Passiflora may have led to the tremendous morphological variation in the genus. Hardy Passion Flower Plants. passiflorae), the Potyvirus passionfruit woodiness virus, and the Carlavirus Passiflora latent virus. This is one of the more hardy passion flower types available in commerce. It is hardy in zones 5- 8 and can withstand winter temperatures of -4⁰F. [26], Other compounds found in passion flowers are coumarins (e.g. A list of Passiflora species is found at List of Passiflora species. Maypop, blue passion flower (P. caerulea), and perhaps others contain the flavone chrysin. It overgrows and smothers stands of endemic vegetation, mainly on roadsides. The fruit varies in size from that of an acorn to as large as a football. Both passion fruit and maypops can take a year or two of growth before they begin to bear fruit , and will begin to produce fewer fruit as they age past their prime. You can grow P. edulis in a greenhouse. This is one possible source of the name of the Tumbes region of Peru. This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 00:24. It has a tough outer rind and juicy, seed-filled center. Different types of passion flower vines are available in commerce, some hardier than the native varieties. Supersection Multiflora includes 19 species. Red Passion Flower, Red Passion Vine, Red Passionflower, Red Passionvine Previous Next A long time favorite plant for growing in conservatories in temperate climates, award-winner Passiflora racemosa is a vigorous evergreen climber with hanging clusters of bright red flowers, 5 in. Pinterest; Facebook; Twitter; Email; By: Lynn Coulter. Explore Apr 29, 2009 #16 See this one large! There's also a wealth of varieties available; you can find passionflowers that bloom in shades of blue, purple, pink, red, orange, white, and even yellow. Also documented to occur at least in some Passiflora in quantity are the hydrocarbon nonacosane and the anthocyanidin pelargonidin-3-diglycoside. Most passion flowers are evergreen with dark green leaves and either white or purple blooms. The flower is pentamerous and ripens into an indehiscent fruit with numerous seeds. Also covers ID. Passiflora 'Purple Haze' (Passion flower 'Purple Haze') will reach a height of 10m and a spread of 3m after 5-10 years. Edible Passion Flower Vines are labeled as such as are the ornamental passion flower vines being labeled as ornamental. The gorgeous, three- to five-inch flowers come in shades of lavender or purple, with a … [22], P. incarnata (maypop) leaves and roots have a long history of use as a traditional medicine by Native Americans in North America and were adapted by European colonists. The passion fruit that is most commonly eaten is Passiflora edulis, although there are a number of locally produced varieties around the world. [23][24] The fresh or dried leaves of maypop are used to make a tea that is used as a sedative. Gardening 101: Hakone Grass by Michelle Slatalla. Passiflora Online has many plant care tips and fascinating information about these beautiful Passion flowers which are climbers, vines and trees.ID what passion flower you have here. On the other hand, some species are endangered due to unsustainable logging and other forms of habitat destruction. This passion flower will produce some fruits that resemble oranges. A southern native, Passiflora incarnata is hardy even with a with light frost, with three-inch blue-and-white flowers and three-lobed foliage which is pointed with a center lobe is six by two inches. [23][24], Passionflower is classified as generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for use as a food ingredient in the United States. [24][26][28], The genus is rich in organic acids including formic, butyric, linoleic, linolenic, malic, myristic, oleic and palmitic acids as well as phenolic compounds, and the amino acid α-alanine. Blue passion flower is one of the hardiest passion flower varieties you can buy. Bahama Blue Passion Flower is a beautiful and vigorous free flowering selection of the Blue Crown Passion Flower, Passiflora caerulea, with all its hardiness and reliability. The flower blooms reach 3 inches in diameter, so give them space and place them where you want a show. The list is The French name for this plant has lent itself to La Famille Passiflore, a highly successful children's book series by Geneviève Huriet, and an animated series based upon it. Tierra del Soule Press, Tucson, AZ, "Christ's flower" is a mistranslation of Marzell (1927), "Martyr" is a mistranslation of Marzell (1927), "Escape from extreme specialization: passionflowers, bats and the sword-billed hummingbird", "Ecological and genetic factors influencing the transition between host-use strategies in sympatric Heliconius butterflies", "Lepidopteran Foodplant Records from Texas", "Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India", "Divergent leaf shapes among Passiflora species arise from a shared juvenile morphology", "RHS Plant Selector Passiflora 'Amethyst' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Passiflora × exoniensis AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Passiflora × violacea AGM / RHS Gardening", "Impact of Alien Plants on Hawai'i's Native Biota", "Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States", "Permitted Flavoring Agents and Related Substances; In: Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21", Phylogenetic relationships and patterns of morphological evolution in the Old Word species of, "MBG: Research: Passiflora Research Network", Killip, The American Species of Passifloraceae, Fieldiana, Bot. This elegant Passion Flower also features a lush foliage of lobed, blue-green leaves. Another of the hardy passion flower types, Passiflora vitifolia offers brilliant scarlet flowers with yellow filaments and edible fruit. 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